The Government has failed to force a snap general election as MPs voted 299 to 70 in favour of the motion – short of the required two-thirds Commons majority.
The Prime Minister had urged the Commons to back his plan for a poll on December 12 – which would have provided time to pass the Withdrawal Agreement Bill before the campaign starts.
Boris Johnson has said the Government will table a Bill this evening calling the election to go ahead.
The Prime Minister said: “The leader of the Opposition literally and figuratively has run away from the judgment of the people.”
Mr Johnson continued: “But as I said when moving the motion, we will not allow this paralysis to continue, and one way or another we must proceed straight to an election.
“So later on this evening, the Government will give notice of presentation for a short Bill for an election on December 12 so we can finally get Brexit done.”
He added: “This House cannot any longer keep this country hostage.”
Mr Johnson concluded: “Now that no-deal is off the table, we have a great new deal, and it’s time for the voters to have a chance to pronounce on that deal and to replace this dysfunctional Parliament with a new Parliament that can get Brexit done so the country can move on.”
SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford said the party would support the Prime Minister’s new plan for a December 12 election if he gave a “cast-iron guarantee” he would not bring back the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill.
Mr Blackford added: “It is clear that there is a desire on the Opposition benches to bring forward a Bill that can give us an election. But we don’t trust this Prime Minister and we don’t trust this Prime Minister for good reason.
“So the Prime Minister, if he is going to bring forward a Bill, must give an absolute cast-iron assurance that up until the passage of that Bill and the rising of Parliament, that there will be no attempt to bring forward the Withdrawal Agreement Bill.”
Raising a point of order after belatedly entering the Commons, Mr Corbyn said: “I apologise to you and to the Prime Minister for not being here at the point when he raised his point of order, I was detained outside the chamber, I’m now back here.
“I understand a Bill will be tabled tomorrow, we will obviously look and scrutinise that Bill and we look forward to a clear, definitive decision that no deal is absolutely off the table and there is no danger of this Prime Minister not sticking to his word because he has some form on these matters and taking this country out of the EU without any deal whatsoever, knowing the damage it will do to jobs and industries all across this country.”