Aberdeen's emergency services and the City Council have joined forces warning people to ‘be prepared’ for winter weather conditions.
Extreme weather such as the flash flooding that battered the north-east this month will force a major culture change in the operation of Scotland's fire service.
Police have urged motorists to be careful as icy conditions cause problems in the north.
A north-east road has been closed for a second time in a day to recover a lorry from a ditch.
The mountain rescue team that covers Ben Nevis has warned walkers to still expect "full winter conditions".