Ben Barenholtz, the producer-distributor who helped launch the careers of legendary filmmakers David Lynch and the Coen brothers, has died at the age of 83.
Mr Barenholtz, a holocaust survivor, died on Wednesday at his home in Prague.
He was credited with pioneering the concept of the “midnight movie” by screening subversive, future cult classics like John Waters’ Pink Flamingos and Alejandro Jodorowsky’s El Topo – the latter of which Barenholtz decided to screen at the now defunct Elgin Theater in New York City, after attending the private screening of it at the Museum of Modern Art.
That screening is seen as essential by film historians to helping the film find a wider audience and gain a legacy as one of Jodorowsky’s most famous works.
During World War II, Mr Barenholtz escaped the Nazi concentration camps at the age of eight by living in the woods of Poland with 11 other escapees – keeping his past a secret until 2010 when he revealed it in a series of blog posts.
As an adult, Barenholtz got his start in the film industry as a movie theatre owner, opening The Elgin in 1968.
The theatre became a hotbed for New York’s cinema scene, screening classic films from Buster Keaton, experimental work from Andy Warhol and films from New Hollywood filmmakers like Martin Scorsese.
His impact on film expanded when he entered into film distribution, starting labels like Libra Films and Circle Films.
Through those companies, he released the debut films from David Lynch and Joel and Ethan Coen, Eraserhead and Blood Simple, respectively.
He would also work with the Coens as a producer on 1987’s Raising Arizona.
At a 2010 tribute ceremony, Lynch praised Barenholtz in a bizarre video, crediting him with helping start his career.
“Ben saved my life in films,” Lynch had said.
He added: “To oversee getting a good print, Ben gave me a room in his house.
“He gave me money to get food. He said I only ate McDonald’s and only drank coffee. Thank you, Ben. You deserve awards.”