Calendar An icon of a desk calendar. Cancel An icon of a circle with a diagonal line across. Caret An icon of a block arrow pointing to the right. Email An icon of a paper envelope. Facebook An icon of the Facebook "f" mark. Google An icon of the Google "G" mark. Linked In An icon of the Linked In "in" mark. Logout An icon representing logout. Profile An icon that resembles human head and shoulders. Telephone An icon of a traditional telephone receiver. Tick An icon of a tick mark. Is Public An icon of a human eye and eyelashes. Is Not Public An icon of a human eye and eyelashes with a diagonal line through it. Pause Icon A two-lined pause icon for stopping interactions. Quote Mark A opening quote mark. Quote Mark A closing quote mark. Arrow An icon of an arrow. Folder An icon of a paper folder. Breaking An icon of an exclamation mark on a circular background. Camera An icon of a digital camera. Caret An icon of a caret arrow. Clock An icon of a clock face. Close An icon of the an X shape. Close Icon An icon used to represent where to interact to collapse or dismiss a component Comment An icon of a speech bubble. Comments An icon of a speech bubble, denoting user comments. Ellipsis An icon of 3 horizontal dots. Envelope An icon of a paper envelope. Facebook An icon of a facebook f logo. Camera An icon of a digital camera. Home An icon of a house. Instagram An icon of the Instagram logo. LinkedIn An icon of the LinkedIn logo. Magnifying Glass An icon of a magnifying glass. Search Icon A magnifying glass icon that is used to represent the function of searching. Menu An icon of 3 horizontal lines. Hamburger Menu Icon An icon used to represent a collapsed menu. Next An icon of an arrow pointing to the right. Notice An explanation mark centred inside a circle. Previous An icon of an arrow pointing to the left. Rating An icon of a star. Tag An icon of a tag. Twitter An icon of the Twitter logo. Video Camera An icon of a video camera shape. Speech Bubble Icon A icon displaying a speech bubble WhatsApp An icon of the WhatsApp logo. Information An icon of an information logo. Plus A mathematical 'plus' symbol. Duration An icon indicating Time. Success Tick An icon of a green tick. Success Tick Timeout An icon of a greyed out success tick. Loading Spinner An icon of a loading spinner.

New research reveals different positioning of Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Culloden army

Culloden Battlefield. Picture by Sandy McCook
Culloden Battlefield. Picture by Sandy McCook

New evidence uncovered by archaeologists has shed new light on the Battle of Culloden.

The research by Historic Environment Scotland has altered the understanding of the Jacobite army’s positioning in the 1746 battle.

Researchers found new evidence of the location of Culloden Parks, where Bonnie Prince Charlie deployed his army’s left flank for the battle.

The discoveries, including the surviving remains of a significant amount of the park’s boundary wall, help to show the flank was likely further west than previously believed.

The surviving boundary wall of Culloden Parks. Supplied by National Library of Scotland.

In the 246 years since the battle, changes as a result of development and agriculture have meant elements of the landscape, such as Culloden Parks, that show up on maps from the 1740s have been lost.

The parks are the designated landscape around Culloden House, which Bonnie Prince Charlie and his Jacobite commanders used as a headquarters in the lead up to the battle.

Kevin Munro, who conducted the research, said: “The Battle of Culloden is one of the most documented and studied conflicts in Scotland’s history, so to unearth new information that will further enhance our understanding of this significant battle is very gratifying.

“As part of our role in maintaining the Inventory of Historic Battlefields, we routinely review and assess different sources of information that can continue to help shape our understanding of these significant pieces of Scotland’s historic environment.

John Finalyson’s map of the battle of Culloden and surrounding landscape. The Culloden Parks can be seen just to the north of the Jacobite army. Supplied by National Library of Scotland.

“This clear evidence for the survival of Culloden Parks shows us that the story of the Battle of Culloden is still unfolding along with our understanding of the historic landscape.

“This research will further enhance our knowledge of the pivotal events that took place on April 16, 1746.”

How was the discovery made?

The discovery of Culloden Parks was made by cross-referencing 18th Century maps with more detailed modern maps.

Modern airborne laser scanning was also used to create 3D records of the area in order to show subtle features that can often be missed from a ground-level view.

This also led to the discovery that the battlefield’s Red Burn was also further west than previously understood, supporting new views on the left flank’s exact position.

Jasper Leigh Jones’ map of the battle of Culloden with the Culloden Parks visible on the centre right. Supplied by National Library of Scotland.

A field assessment was also carried out on the ground to trace the physical evidence of the lost boundary walls.

Some elements of the battlefield have been uncovered in previous decades, but much of the site still remains a mystery.

Historic Environment Scotland will use this evidence to inform a future review of the inventory of Historic Battlefields and the record for the Battle of Culloden.

What is the Battle of Culloden?

The Battle of Culloden was the last battle to be fought on the British mainland and resulted in the capitulation of the Jacobite cause, ending decades of conflict between supporters of the exiled Jacobite court and the British government.

Led by Bonnie Prince Charlie, the grandson of King James VII who was ousted in 1688, the Jacobite army was thoroughly defeated at the battle marking the end of their rebellion which had begun at Glenfinnan in August 1745.

The battlefield itself is now a popular tourist site in the Highlands with a visitor centre run by the National Trust for Scotland.

Already a subscriber? Sign in





Please enter the name you would like to appear on your comments. (It doesn’t have to be your real name - but nothing rude please, we are a polite bunch!) Use a combination of eight or more characters that includes an upper and lower case character, and a number.

By registering with [[site_name]] you agree to our Terms and Conditions and our Privacy Policy

Or sign up with

Facebook Google



Or login with

Forgotten your password? Reset it